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Problem-solving in a family conflict must be based on mutual agreement that has been running in the family. For example, such as rules that have been agreed upon and apply to all family members and have also been implemented, these rules can be used as keys to fairly effective conflict mediation. Here are some things that can be used as a strategy to reduce conflict.

#1. Establish ground rules for problem-solving

Family rules, for example, are prohibited from saying harsh words or swearing, respecting elders, being polite, or anything else. Such rules or norms are sufficient to impose limits on family members in expressing their anger or opinion in a better way. Parents are open and willing to listen to complaints of opinions and what the child feels. Being fair and a positive response from parents is needed.

#2. Mutual understanding

Both parties are equally willing to listen to each other’s complaints or feelings. The opinions expressed also need to be open and have nothing to hide for clarity. Focus on the heart of the problem and try to understand how each individual thinks.

#3. Restructuring mindset

For example, conflicts between parents and their children. Parents have more life experiences and various problems that they have experienced. Derived from life stories that have been passed and various life advice will provide a process of changing the mindset and open up new, broader perspectives for the child.

This brainstorming process should not go too far about experiences that have nothing to do with the current conflict. Give the child time to try to explore the conflict from various other points of view, and the possibilities for bad and the good. Allow the child to reveal the search results and choose which one is better. Make sure he understands this and comes to a good conclusion.

#5. Set agreements

Any results of thinking from that point of view cannot all be taken. Choose the one that is considered good by the child and also from the parent’s point of view that is also good. In other words, agreement on both can be obtained and conflict resolution is proceeding well.

 

#6. Set the rules

If an agreement has been reached, reassure the child that this is something that must be done again if the same conflict occurs or another conflict occurs. Apply it to a rule or agreement that has been agreed upon and if the same thing happens, the agreement can be an excuse as a basis. Don’t forget to ask how he felt after the agreement happened and how he acted after the conflict was resolved.

Family psychology is good to know, understand, and apply to families or individuals in the family. Family psychology is needed by all family members and has many benefits as follows:

  • Family psychology as a provision to control, predict, and understand the behavior of family members.
  • Make it easier to interact with family members who are more understanding.
  • Understand the wishes or characteristics of each family member well.
  • Understand existing opinions and differences as a process of providing support.
  • Influencing the behavior or mindset of family members by providing a more positive perspective.

Scope of Family Psychology

The scope of family psychology is as follows:

  • Household management.
  • Communication between family members.
  • Development of potential in the family.
  • Troubleshooting strategies.
  • Problem-solving.
  • The responsibilities of family members who have gender equality, internalization, externalization of positive values, and norms.

Ho to Resolute Conflict in Families with Family Psychology

A conflict has a fairly strong definition of conflict. The cause of conflict is ineffective communication between several parties. Conflict is triggered by differences in mindset, interests, values, ​​and goals, other differences that cannot be negotiated and resolved easily.

#1. Identifying the Cause

Family conflict is also a conflict between family members, be it between husband and wife, parents and children, or others by attacking each other with words, body language or behavior, being stiff or tense, hostility, even divorce in the household. The forms of conflict within the family also vary from marital relationship conflicts, economic conflicts, conflicts, work, conflicts arising from children’s behavior, conflicts over domestic affairs, and others.

Conflict in the family can occur due to limited ability to adjust, overcome problems, emotional urges that are too high, and others. Conflicts that occur continuously can have an impact on family crises that are getting worse, including divorce, domestic violence, mental disorders of family members, and others.

 

#2. Differences between Family and Environmental Conflict

In contrast to conflicts in the environment, namely outside the family. What distinguishes between family and environmental conflicts is the intensity aspect, the duration aspect, and the complexity aspect. The family is the part closest to the individual so that conflicts in the family can trigger the intensity and duration of stress that is much longer, more lasting, and feels heavier.

In families, conflicts that often occur are related to children. The phase of children who are most at risk of conflict with their families is when the children are in their teens, where they start to feel uncomfortable with house rules, get carried away by the influence of their friends, dream of freedom, and so on. This kind of conflict is quite crucial, that is, if parents cannot understand and solve problems, it can negatively impact the child’s development and development.

#3. Resolve the Problem

Conflict resolution that parents can do in this case is to use a family function which means protecting, communicating, compromising, giving in, and anticipating every response that occurs. Constructive conflict resolution will have a positive impact on children. No matter how strong the conflict within the family, the last place they go is family.

The comfort and love of each member of the family override the feelings of anger and problems that exist so that if a good relationship can be re-established constructively, it will not be a problem for individual development.

In contrast, if the attitude of problem-solving carried out is destructive, the resulting impact can be negative. This negative impact will affect the child’s growth in terms of behavior, speech style, ways of thinking and behaving, and others. The impact of this bad coaching function will produce a bad individual in social life as well.

Family psychology here has a function so that parents can better understand, can think, and behave calmly in the face of conflict. Parents have a role in weighing or predicting the bad effects that might occur so that it doesn’t happen.

Family psychology prioritizes harmonious relationships between individuals, interactive and effective communication, and adaptive ways of behaving. If every family can implement this family psychology, then peace and well-being in the family will be achieved easily.

Family psychology has no specific definition and is a combination of definitions from psychology and family. Psychology itself is concerned with interacting or having relationships with other people socially by paying attention to their patterns of thought and behavior. So psychology itself will always be involved in every human interaction be it in the social environment, family, and yourself.

Family in Psychological Perspective

Family psychology is an understanding of social interactions or patterns in the family. The family itself consists of several individuals who can belong to two generations, three generations, or even more. The number of individuals in this family will affect the quality of interaction between individuals and have an impact on the psychological side of individuals and groups.

Generational differences in a family may also trigger a situation that is sometimes good and bad. This is what gives rise to family psychology and states that psychology in the family also needs to be studied and known so that negative thoughts or behavior do not occur in a family related to each individual.

Understanding Family Psychology

Psychology has a scientific meaning that studies the soul. A family is a group of people who are related by blood to one another. According to Hill, a family is defined as a household by blood or marriage and as a place where the expressive function of the family is carried out for the individual in it. According to Burgess and Locke, a family is a group of individuals who are bound by marriage or blood who have a legal structure, mother, daughter, son, and others, and have a culture to defend.

From the two definition statements above, family psychology can be interpreted as a science that studies psychology in the interaction of individual individuals in a network of blood ties or marriage. Family psychology can also be interpreted as the study of psychology in the family.

Family Psychology Perspectives

The family psychology perspective is a view of how family psychology is applied or the influence it has on families and individuals in it. Some followings are interesting about family psychology:

#1. Family psychology is a science that combines psychology with the science of family.

This scholarship is united by different definitions. Psychology sees a person in terms of psychology and behavior and family is an object that can be influenced psychologically.

#2. Family psychology is known as a form of a psychological intervention targeting families, in the form of family therapy.

One of the family therapy is family togetherness as encouragement therapy, recreational therapy, and so on.

#3. The family is the place where individuals get an education, interaction experience, and so on.

Family is the basis of the formation of certain characteristics of an individual.

#4. Families can powerfully influence individuals.

The family is a very strong system and always plays a role in every individual’s growth and development. It can control the formation of the individual and his characteristics or personality.

#5. Understanding that the family is a system in which every individual is involved.

The family needs a system viewpoint. Every family has its own goals for achieving it. This system of thinking will then take into account each individual in it but still towards one main goal.

The genogram is the basis for understanding and constructing perceptions of other family members who each have a different status, for example, grandfather, grandmother, father, mother, brother, sister.

#6. The family system can change if one individual changes.

The individuals in the family are a reflection of that family. Although not all individual behavior is what is taught in the rules outlined in the family, the existence of a positive or negative attitude from an individual will affect the entire family. For example, if there is a good family, and one of the children is caught in a drug case. A family that is usually very friendly, likes to socialize, then immediately becomes closed, doesn’t meet people often, is often absent from work, and others.

#7. Many family therapies are interesting methods.

Psychological therapy can be applied in many families, both affecting the individual alone or for the whole. Psychological therapy in this family can provide a broader perspective, a more patient, and open mind and heart. Examples of psychological therapy that can be applied are conflict management therapy, stress management therapy, and others. Each therapy has different and interesting goals and methods.

#8. Family therapy can be applied by each individual.

Psychological therapy in the family can be applied by individuals and some need help from others. Most of the therapies have easy methods and can be widely applied not only in families but also in society as well.

#9. The psychological approach prevents psychological disorders in the family.

Psychology, which is psychology, certainly pays attention to a person’s psychological perception. The family also requires an awareness of paying attention to this. Don’t let the rules be made burdensome to one individual and trigger permanent stress.

For example, a teenager who is required to always get class champion, while this is against the desire of the individual who wants to play or is against the environment, for example, many of his friends is also smart. Demands like that can trigger stress which gradually worsens and chronic psychological disorders arise. If this happens, the approach taken may be more difficult and require the help of medical personnel and psychologists.

From various explanations about psychology in the family and its role in solving problems or conflicts in the family, it is revealed how important the role of family psychology is. Family psychology focuses on understanding the psychological and behavior of individuals in the family, as well as the responses they have, whether constructive or destructive, and also the role of the family that can provide changes to individual mental and behavior which will later be brought into community life.

A good person or individual comes from a good family environment and vice versa if the family environment is not good, the individual will also become a bad person in their social life.

Family is an important factor in the growth and development of its members. Family psychology provisions help in building family members, resolving conflicts with an open and broad mind, protecting family members from destructive social-cultural differences, forming constructive individual characteristics, and establishing more effective communication.

A psychologist is an expert in psychology who focuses on the thoughts and behavior of a person. Psychologists generally use psychotherapy to help clients or patients deal with problems that affect their mental state and health.

In solving psychological problems or improving patient behavior, psychologists can work with psychiatrists and doctors who treat patients. Cooperation is carried out if the patient needs medication as well as psychotherapy and counseling from a psychologist.

Types of Psychologists

General psychologists can explore different fields of psychology after graduating from an undergraduate psychology education program. Many areas of psychology can be studied in-depth, including industrial and organizational psychology, clinical psychology of children and adults, and educational psychology. After completing this further education, the psychologist will have a Master in Psychology.

The following are the types of psychologists:

#1. Industrial and organizational psychologists

Industrial and organizational psychologists (IOP) study workplace behavior as well as help screen the best employees for specific positions and increase the productivity of employees in a company or organization. Besides, IOP also has to create training programs for company employees to increase knowledge and skills, maximize efficiency, and reduce company losses.

#2. Educational psychologists

Educational psychologists study how a person learns. Educational psychologists can participate in creating instructions and strategies for teaching. Most educational psychologists also study a person’s talents and learning ability problems, and how social, cognitive, and emotional factors affect a person’s learning ability.

#3. Clinical psychologist

Clinical psychologists examine, diagnose, and treat patients suffering from mental health problems and psychological distress, using psychotherapy and counseling. Typically, clinical psychologists work in hospitals, mental health clinics, or private practices. Clinical psychologists may have specific expertise in adult or child mental health, or they may specialize in the treatment of substance abuse.

#3. Social psychologist

Social psychologists study and examine the behavior and mindset of a group in society. Social psychologists can also examine how attitudes, judgments, ways of communication, interpersonal relationships, and aggressive behavior can appear in a community group.

Conditions or Problems Treated by Psychologists

Psychologists have in-depth knowledge of the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mental health problems. Also, psychologists can find out, analyze causes, and provide solutions to psychological problems experienced by a person through changes in attitude or lifestyle. Some types of psychological services and disorders that can be handled by psychologists include:

  • Anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD, phobias, panic attacks, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
  • Mood or mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder.
  • Addiction or addiction, for example, drugs, alcohol, or gambling.
  • Eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia.
  • Personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder.
  • Schizophrenia or other psychiatric disorders that show hallucinations or psychosis in the sufferer.
  • Phobia or excessive fear of certain objects or situations.
  • Patient conflicts with spouse, family, friends, or other people.
  • Psychological disorders concerning traumatic events, such as being a victim of domestic violence, sexual harassment, or natural disasters.

What Psychologists Do

Here’s what a psychologist can do:

#1. Conduct psychological interviews and psychological tests

Psychologists will examine and assess a person’s intellectual abilities and mental health through psychological interviews and psychological tests. From this examination, the psychologist can evaluate the intellectual level, cognitive strengths and weaknesses, talent and work preferences, character, personality, and psychological functioning of the patient.

#2. Psychotherapy or counseling

Generally, after making a diagnosis, a psychologist will treat someone who has a mental disorder, trauma, or phobia, using talk therapy or psychotherapy. Types of psychotherapy are cognitive, behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, interpersonal, humanistic, and psychodynamic therapy (a combination of several types of therapy). Psychotherapy can be done individually, with family, couples, or in groups.

#3. Create a therapy or training program

Psychologists can also create therapy or training programs that are conducted by patients or clients at the home, office, school, or other places. This therapy or training program needs to be carried out by the patient to help control, correct problems, or improve performance.

#4. Hypnosis therapy

Hypnosis therapy or hypnotherapy is one of the actions that psychologists who have taken additional training in the field of hypnosis can perform. Psychologists can perform hypnosis to help patients control anxiety, phobias, addiction or addiction, and mood or mood problems.

Sometimes, some patients need psychotherapy as well as medication to cure their condition. In this condition, psychologists can work with doctors who treat patients, such as pediatricians, or psychiatrists to provide the best treatment according to the patient’s condition.

When to Consult a Psychologist?

You are advised to get help from a psychologist if you experience psychological complaints, such as:

 

  • Insomnia.
  • It’s hard to eat.
  • Hearing or seeing sounds or things that are not real.
  • Losing a loved one or thing.
  • Experiencing severe stress.
  • Have an anxiety disorder or are restless frequently.
  • Losing interest in things you like.
  • Feeling helpless.
  • Have depression.
  • Experiencing fatigue that doesn’t go away.
  • Have a phobia.
  • Having family or social relationship problems.
  • Have bad habits or addictions
  • Requires increased performance for large events.

Things to prepare before meeting a psychologist

Before meeting with a psychologist, prepare these things:

  • Take note of the main complaints or problems you have.
  • Prepare yourself mentally and physically for the psychological examinations and treatment that will be received.
  • Invite family or relatives to undergo therapy if needed.
  • Answer the questions and tell the truth about your problem, to make it easier for the psychologist to help improve your mental state.

Clear and complete information can make it easier for a psychologist to diagnose the problem or disease you have so that the psychologist can provide the best psychological care for you. However, it also takes your cooperation and commitment to solving problems or psychological disorders that are experienced.

Before getting to know more about psychology in the family, it is necessary to have an understanding of family functions as expressed by Soelaeman, 1994 below:

#1. Educational Purposes

This function includes matters concerning the education of family members and coaching by other family members. The family is also an educational environment as part of the very first and foremost learning for individuals in it. Education in the family starts from an early age from childhood to adulthood. The education that most influences the psychological and behavior of individuals, such as children, is the family.

#2. Socialization

The family is the first social environment for children’s growth. Likewise, with the environment, the family is the first to introduce children to the larger social environment around them. The family also teaches how to be a good community and the process of social interaction with the people around them. Parents introduce how to greet people, how to respect elders, politeness, and so on.

#3. Offer Protection

The family also has a function as a place of refuge that will protect family members from bad actions from deviant social norms. The function of the family is to protect its members from all threats of danger and possible bad things that could happen.

#4. Affection

Children will be very sensitive at a young age. They observe the expressions, interaction styles, behavior, emotions of their parents when communicating with them. Love, warmth will radiate from all motor responses to the parents which will extend to all other family members. The attitude of the parents reflects the child’s growth. Because the fruit will not be far from the tree so that the role of bad parents may also be transmitted to the baby.

#5. Religious Functions

Family is the first place to introduce religious culture. The family teaches the good principles of religious teachings to children and how to carry them out as religious people. Religion becomes the basis for someone to do good and be a good person.

#6. Economic

The economic system is very much needed in the family to meet every need of its members. The economic function also plays a role in increasing a sense of responsibility, mutual understanding, solidarity, and the bond between family members.

#7. Recreation Purposes

This recreational function is as a place to release tired family members from the hustle and bustle of activities outside the home. Family and home are the best places to relieve stress. Happiness can be created in conducive and loving home conditions. Whatever activities are carried out with the family is a fun activity.

#8. Biological Functions

Family as a biological function is a place to meet physiological needs such as food, fatigue, health, and others.

Family Dynamics

The family is a barrier or vanguard that provides education, protection, comfort, support, and other positive things for the development of an individual. Family is the beginning of the birth of good and bad individual figures.

Coaching by the family is carried out continuously along the life path of the individual in the family. Education from families is given starting from character, manners, religion, social life, and others to achieve a quality generation with full responsibility, have positive behavior and have a good impact on society, and be able to be a good successor.

The process of character building and behavior has a psychological element that is always considered. Each stage of growth and development and each teaching or family education will bring out individual responses in the form of acceptance, rejection, doubt, etc. and the influence of the environment and groups outside the family such as playmates also influence the process. Therefore, the importance of understanding family psychology on the response and development of family members is needed.